Ibadah dan keadilan sosial: Interpretasi sosio-historis Amos 8:4-8 bagi hidup bergereja

Roy Charly H. P. Sipahutar

Abstract


This paper is an attempt to explore the deepest message of Amos 8:4-8 with the socio-historical interpretation approach. Progress and prosperity that occurred in northern Israel in the 8th century BC gave birth to religious euphoria. The euphoria can be seen from the crowded places of worship visited by people to offer praise and sacrifice. But unfortunately, religious life has no impact at all on their social life, greed and oppression occur here and there. This is the background to the criticism of the prophet found in Amos 8: 4-8. The socio-historical interpretation approach used in this study is a tool to explore the meaning of the text by investigating the social context of the community when the text was written. The results of the interpretation explain that the middle and upper classes form an economic system that harms the lower classes, namely small farmers and urbanites. Worship is useless if it does not give rise to social care for others.

Abstrak
Tulisan ini adalah suatu upaya menggali pesan terdalam teks Amos 8:4-8. Kemajuan dan kemakmuran yang terjadi di Israel Utara pada abad 8 sM melahirkan euforia keagamaan. Euforia itu tampak dengan ramainya tempat-tempat peribadatan yang dikunjungi umat untuk menyampaikan pujian dan korban. Tetapi sayangnya kehidupan beragama tersebut tidak berdampak sama sekali bagi kehidupan sosial mereka, ketamakan serta penindasan terjadi di sana-sini. Hal inilah yang menjadi latar belakang kecaman nabi yang terdapat pada Amos 8:4-8. Interpretasi sosio-historis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah alat untuk menggali makna teks dengan menyelidiki konteks sosial masyarakat saat teks dituliskan. Hasil penafsiran menjelaskan bahwa kalangan menengah dan atas membentuk sistem perekonomian yang merugikan kalangan bawah yaitu petani kecil dan kaum urban. Ibadah menjadi sia-sia belaka bila tidak melahirkan sikap kepedulian sosial terhadap sesamanya.

Keywords


Amos 8; church life; social justice: worship; hidup bergereja; ibadah; keadilan sosial

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andersen, Francis I., and David N. Freedman. Amos: A New Translation with Notes and Commentary. New York: Doubleday, 1989.

Antoncich, Ricardo. Iman Dan Keadilan. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1991.

Barth, Christoph. Theologia Perjanjian Lama 4. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2001.

Barton, John. The Theology of the Book of Amos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Boland, B.J. Tafsiran Alkitab: Kitab Amos. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2003.

Cahyana, I Ketut Eddy. “Manusia Hidup Bukan Dari Roti Saja: Ekonomi Yang Menuju Kesejahteraan Bersama Dan Kesinambungan.” In Teologi Ekonomi, edited by Robert Setio. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2002.

Coote, Robert. Amos among the Prophets: Composition and Theology. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1981.

Dyrness, William. Tema-Tema Dalam Teologi Perjanjian Lama. Malang: Gandum Mas, 2017.

Eichrodt, Walter. Theology of the Old Testament Vol. I. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1960.

Eidevall, Göran. Amos: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. Yale: Yale University Press, 2017.

Frick, Frank S. The City in Ancient Israel. Montana: Scholar Press, 1977.

Glenny, W. Edward. A Commentary Based on Amos in Codex Vaticanus. Boston: Brill, 2013.

Gottwald, Norman K. The Hebrew Bible. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1987.

Hadiwardoyo, A.L. Purwa. “Keadilan Sosial Dan Sistem Ekonomi.” In Aspek-Aspek Teologi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1988.

Hasel, Gerhard F. Understanding the Book of Amos. Michigan: Grand Rapids, 1991.

Hubbard, D.A. Joel and Amos: An Introduction and Commentary. Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1989.

Jeremias, Jorg. The Book of Amos: A Commentary. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1998.

Kadir, Hatib Abdul. “Komparasi Munculnya Liberalisme Ekonomi Di Indonesia Dan Burma.” Jurnal Lembaran Sejarah 13/2 (2017): 163–185.

LaSor, W.S, D.A. Hubbard, and F.W. Bush. Pengatar Perjanjian Lama 2: Sastra Dan Nubuat. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2018.

Lernehe, Niels Peter. Ancient Israel: A New Istory of Lsraelite Society. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1988.

Levirani, Mario. Israel’s History and History of Israel. London: Equinox Publishing, 2005.

Martin-Achard, Robert, and S.Paul Re’emi. Amos and Lamentations: God’s People in Crisis. Edinburgh: The Handsel Press Ltd., 1973.

McComiskey, Thomas Edward. The Minor Prophets: An Exegetical and Expository Commentary. Michigan: Grand Rapids, 1992.

Panggabean, Kristina Ade Maria. “Perlawanan Terhadap Ketidakadilan Hukum Dan Sosial Dalam Kitab Amos Nan Aplikasinya Bagi Indonesia.” Stulos 17/2 (2019): 157–182.

Provan, Lan, V. Philips Long, and Tremper Longman III. A Biblical History of Israel. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2003.

Reimer, Haroldo. Richtet Auf Das Recht! Studien Zur Botschaft Des Amos. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1992.

Rothlisberger, H. Firmanku Seperti Api. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2010.

Rowley, H.H. Ibadat Israel Kuno. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2009.

Schoors, Antoon. The Kingdoms of Israel and Judah In The Eighth And Seventh Centuries B.C.E. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2013.

Shoshan, A. Even. A New Corcondance of the Old Testament. Jerusalem: Kiryat Sefer, 1985.

Simorangkir, Mangisi S.E. “Identitas Lutheran.” In Agama, Bumi Dan Pasar, edited by Basa Hutabarat, 31–65. Pematangsiantar: KN-LWF, 2012.

Sipahutar, Roy Charly. “Kajian Ekoteologis Tentang Konsep Tanah Dalam Perjanjian Lama Dan Implikasinya Bagi Pemeliharaan Tanah.” BIA’: Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Kristen Kontekstual 2, no. 2 (2019): 166–178.

Sipahutar, Roy Charly H P. “Penciptaan Dalam Sastra Hikmat Serta Implementasinya Bagi Pemeliharaan Alam” 3, no. 2 (2020): 202–227.

Sipahutar, Roy Charly HP. “Kemiskinan, Pengangguran Dan Ketidakadilan Sosial.” Christian Humaniora 3 (2019): 47–54.

Sjoberg, G. The Preindustrial City: Past and Present. Glencoe: The Free Press, 1960.

Snell, Daniel C. Kehidupan Di Timur Tengah Kuno 3100-332 SM. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2017.

Sumarsono, Dicky. “Sistem Perekonomian Negara-Negara Di Dunia.” Jurnal Akuntansi Dan Pajak 16/2 (2016): 20–29.

Supriyanto. “Memahami Cara Bekerja Sistem Perekonomian.” Jurnal Ekonomi & Pendidikan 6/2 (2009): 192–205.

Vriezen, Th. C. Agama Israel Kuno. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2018.

Wahono, Wismoady. Di Sini Kutemukan. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2016.

Wolff, Hans W. Joel and Amos: An Commentary on the Books of the Prophet Joel and Amos. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1977.

Wright, Christopher. Hidup Sebagai Umat Allah. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30995/kur.v7i1.193

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 682 times
PDF - 238 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

KURIOS telah terdaftar pada:

View KURIOS Stats

Online ISSN : 2541-3945

Printed ISSN : 2541-3937

Copyright © KURIOS, 2018-2021. All Rights Reserved.