Nalar dan Iman dalam Kehidupan Beragama: Dikotomi atau Harmoni

Edison R. L. Tinambunan

Abstract


Reason is the nature of human beings and those who are religious also have faith. Therefore, believers have two fundamental basics in their life: reason and faith. In the reality, some people believe that reason and faith are two separate contradictory entities that form dichotomy or dualism. This article discusses the existence of reason in human being and its relationship with faith in religious people in accordance with the ancient and modern writings. The method used in this research is source methodology which is combined with a literature study to achieve the purpose of the research which is to show how reason deepens and enlightens the faith. The result of this research shows that reason and faith are harmonious and supportive of each other in the practice of religious life; they do not create dichotomy or dualism but harmony.

Abstrak
Nalar adalah salah satu kodrat manusia dan mereka yang beragama juga memiliki iman. Oleh sebab itu umat beriman memiliki dua hal mendasar di dalam dirinya, yaitu nalar dan iman. Dalam kenyataan tidak jarang dalam kehidupan beragama seakan memiliki dualisme antara nalar dan iman, seakan yang satu mengganggu yang lain, dan menjadikan keduanya dikotomi atau dualisme. Tulisan ini akan membahas keberadaan nalar di dalam manusia dan kemudian nalar dan iman di dalam diri umat beragama yang didasarkan pada tulisan penulis kuno dan modern. Untuk penelitian seperti ini metode yang paling baik diaplikasikan adalah metodologi sumber yang dikombinasikan dengan pustaka untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian yaitu penentuan sikap dalam kehidupan beragama melalui nalar yang memberikan pendalaman dan pencerahan pada iman. Penelitian ini akan menyimpulkan keharmonisan dan saling mendukung antara nalar dan iman di dalam hidup beragama, bukan suatu dikotomi atau dualisme

Keywords


dichotomy; harmony; faith; reason; virtue; dikotomi; harmoni; iman; kebajikan; nalar

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anselmus. Prolegomena. Opera Omnia, Tomus Primus, Accurante J.P. Migne. Paris: Dicta D’Amboise, 1853.

Augustinus. In Iohannis Evanglium Tractatus CXXIV. Corpus Christianorum Series Latina XXXVI. Turnholti: Brepols, 1954.

Brady, Jules M. “St. Augustine’s Theory of Seminal Reasons.” The New Scholasticism 38, No. 2 (April 1964), 141-158.

Brown, Raymond Edward. The Gospel According to John (i-xii). The Anchor Bible. Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, 1966.

Cushman, R. E. “Faith and Reason in the Thought of St. Augustine.” Church History 19, No. 4 (December 1950), 271-294.

De Simone, Russel J. “Fede.” In Dizionario Patristico e di Antichità Cristiane. Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum Roma, diretto da Angelo di Berardino, 1338-1347. Genova: Marietti, 1994.

Descartes, René. Diskursus & Metode, Diterjemahkan oleh Ahmad Faridl Ma’aruf. (Banguntapan Jogjakarta: IRCiSoD, 2012.

Gundersdorf von Jess, W. “Reason as Propaedeutic to Faith in Augustine.” International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 5 (1974), 225-233.

Ihsanuddin. “Jokowi: Kerja dari Rumah, Belajar dari Rumah, Ibadah di Rumah Perlu Digencarkan.” Kompas, Bayu Galih (Ed.), 16 Maret, 2020, https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/03/16/15454571/jokowi-kerja-dari-rumah-belajar-dari-rumah-ibadah-di-rumah-perlu-digencarkan (29-4-2020).

Junker – Kenny, Maureen. “Witnessing of Mutual Translation? Religion and the Requirements of Reason.” Concilium 1 (2011), 105-114.

Plato. Complete Works. Edited by John M. Cooper. Indianapolis / Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, 1997.

Plotinus. Enneadi. Porfirio Vita di Plotino, Testo Grego a fronte, ed. Roberto Radice. Milano: Edizione Bompiani, 2000.

Salman, Ghinan. “Risma: Ada 16 klaster Covid-19 di Surabaya Menjangkiti 4.818 Orang.” Kompas, Oliver Purba (Ed.), 10 Mei, 2020, https://surabaya.kompas.com/read/2020/05/10/15474311/risma-ada-16-klaster-covid-19-di-surabaya-menjangkiti-4818-orang?page=all#page2 (11-5-2020).

Souaiaia, A. E. “Reasoned and Inspired Beliefs: A Study of Islamic Theology.” The Muslim World 97, No. 2 (1970), 331-349.

Stone, Frank A. “The Muslim Faith and Reason: Discussion and its Implications for Islamic Education.” The Muslim World LX, No. 1 (1970), 314-320.

TeSelle, Eugene. “Faith.” In Augustine through the Ages. An Encyclopedia, ed. Allan D. Fitzgerald, 1999, 347-350. Michigan / Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company-Grand Rapids.

Tinambunan, Edison R. L. “Filsafatisasi Kristiani atau Kristianisasi Filsafat.” Diskursus 16, No 1 (April 2017), 1-22.

https://journal.driyarkara.ac.id/index.php/diskursus/article/view/36.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30995/kur.v6i1.122

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 353 times
PDF - 172 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

KURIOS telah terdaftar pada:

View KURIOS Stats

Online ISSN : 2541-3945

Printed ISSN : 2541-3937

Copyright © KURIOS, 2018-2021. All Rights Reserved.